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Stone Seated Sakyamuni Buddha of Buseoksa Temple, Yeongju
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Classification Treasure
Name of Cultural Properties Stone Seated Sakyamuni Buddha of Buseoksa Temple, Yeongju
Quantity 1
Designated Date 2010.02.24
Age Unified Silla Period
Address Gyeongsangbuk-do Yeongju-si

This statue of Sakyamuni Buddha is one of three Buddhist sculptures of roughly the same size, housed in Jaindang Hall of Buseoksa Temple. The other two, accompanying this statue in bhumisparsa mudra, are Vairocana Buddha statues assuming the vajra mudra. These three Buddhist sculptures were originally in the precincts of the now-vanished temple, Dongbangsa Temple, located about 1.5km east of Buseoksa Temple. They were brought to their current location in 1957. The two Vairocana Buddha statues were designated as Treasure No. 220 (Stone Seated Buddhas in Bukji-ri, Yeongju), on January 21, 1963. This Buddha statue in bhumisparsa mudra has a round face, and is wearing an inner garment with floral motifs. The soft yet realistic treatment of drapery, and relief carvings of an incense burner, seven lions and a Bodhisattva with hands gathered in prayer position present on the high three-tiered pedestal suggest that this sculpture dates from sometime in the 9th century; in other words, from the Unified Silla Period. Meanwhile, the relief carving of Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva on the rear side of the throne is a highly unusual detail, rarely seen in any other sculpture of this kind. The high pedestal with sumptuous details in this masterly piece of sculpture is in perfect harmony with the statue conveying a great feeling of volume and depth. Both the throne and the statue, in a nearly intact state, display the slightly decorative tendency typical to Unified Silla Buddhist sculptures made in the 9th century. Given the fact that this statue was found in the same temple precincts as the two other statues, designated as Treasure No. 220, it is highly likely that they were made as a set of Buddha triad.