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Treasure 1870

Engraved Gilt-bronze Plaques from the Nine-story Wooden Pagoda of Hwangnyongsa Temple, Gyeongju
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Classification Treasure 1870
Name of Cultural Properties Engraved Gilt-bronze Plaques from the Nine-story Wooden Pagoda of Hwangnyongsa Temple, Gyeongju
Quantity 1 item
Designated Date 2015.04.22
Age Silla Period
Address (Gyeongju National Museum, Inwang-dong) 186, Iljeong-ro, Gyeongju-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do
These gilt-bronze plaques are engraved with a detailed record of the pagoda’s construction and renovation in 872, which was carried out at the command of King Gyeongmun (861-875) of Unified Silla.

The record was composed by Bak Geo-mul, handwritten by Yo Geuk-il, and engraved by a Buddhist monk named Chonghye and an assistant engraver named Yeonjeon.

The inscription is widely regarded as an important source of information because it was made at the time of the pagoda’s renovation and hence could yield fruitful results when compared with later records in Samguk sagi (History of the Three Kingdoms) and Samguk yusa (Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms).

The text is engraved on both sides of the plaques in a script that was popular in the ninth century, and constitutes a valuable source of information on the calligraphic style and the practice of making “pagoda records” during that period.