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Historic Site 18

Donggung Palace and Wolji Pond, Gyeongju
Heritage Search Detail
Classification Historic Site 18
Name of Cultural Properties Donggung Palace and Wolji Pond, Gyeongju
Quantity 177,172㎡
Designated Date 1963.01.21
Age King Munmu of Unified Silla Period
Address 26, Inwang-dong, Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do
Located on the west part of Anapji Pond, this is the Imhaejeon Palace Site of the Silla Period.

Anapji Pond was built in 674 during the 14th year of the reign of King Munmu after the unification of the Korean Peninsula.

It has three central islands, and to the north and east are 12 hills -- a composition reflecting the Taoist philosophy.

Beautiful trees and flowers as well as rare birds and animals were brought from all over to these islands and hills.

A number of pavilions, including Imhaejeon, were constructed around the lake and used for state festivals and banquets and as a prince's palace.

Anapji is an excellent example of garden and lake construction of that period.

The reconstruction of the present lake and archaeological construction sites was undertaken during the period 1975-76 and completed in 1980.

The original water conduit, drainage channel, and stone embankments were excavated and restored accordingly.

A total of 26 building foundations and many relics were excavated from this site, including bowls, plates, and flower-patterned bricks where "The Second Year of Joro (680)" was inscribed.

This was also the place where King Gyeongsun, the last monarch of Silla, hosted for Wang Geon, founder of the Goryeo Dynasty, a banquet to ask for his aid.