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Wooden Seated Sakyamuni Buddha Triad of Jeondeungsa Temple, Ganghwa

강화 전등사 목조석가여래삼불좌상 ( 江華 傳燈寺 木造釋迦如來三佛坐像 )

Heritage Search Detail
Classification Treasure
Name of Cultural Properties Wooden Seated Sakyamuni Buddha Triad of Jeondeungsa Temple, Ganghwa
Quantity 3 Buddha statues
Designated Date 2012.12.27
Age The first year of the reign of King Injo of Joseon (1623)
Address 37-41, Jeondeungsa-ro, Ganghwa-gun, Incheon

The Wooden Seated Sakyamuni Buddha Triad of Jeondeungsa Temple was made in 1623 by a team of artists led by Suyeon, a monk-artist who was active during the early 17th century in the provinces of Jeollabuk-do and Chungcheongnam-do. Known to be only the second work by Suyeon found so far, the triad consists of Sakyamuni, the principal Buddha, attended by Amitabha and Bhaisajyaguru, displaying the Buddhas of Three Kalpas, which enjoyed great popularity across Korea during the late Joseon Period. The principal Buddha features a benign look with a posture full of dignity, while his attendants appear somewhat inferior to it in terms of the depiction of their facial features and the proportions of their bodies. The Sakyamuni’s serene face and well-proportioned body conveying a sense of stability clearly shows that its maker, Suyeon, had achieved significant technical and aesthetic progress since his earlier work, the Wooden Seated Amitabha Triad of Bongseosa Temple in Seocheon, carved in 1619. The Sakyamuni Buddha Triad enshrined at Daeungbojeon Hall of Jeondeungsa Temple is highly regarded among art historians because there is a detailed record about its production date, the identity of its maker, and the names of those who funded its making.