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National Treasure

Daeungjeon Hall of Sudeoksa Temple, Yesan

예산 수덕사 대웅전 ( 禮山 修德寺 大雄殿 )

Heritage Search Detail
Classification National Treasure
Name of Cultural Properties Daeungjeon Hall of Sudeoksa Temple, Yesan
Quantity 1 Building
Designated Date 1962.12.20
Age The 34th year of the reign of King Chungnyeol of Goryeo (1308)
Address Sudeokdsa Temple, 79, Sacheon 2-gil, Deoksan-myeon, Yesan-gun, Chungcheongnam-do

Sudeoksa Temple is located on the foot of Deoksungsan Mountain in Yesan. According to a record discovered at the temple, it was established by Buddhist Monk Sungje during the late Baekje Period (18 BCE-660) and renovated by renowned Goryeo monk Naong (1320-1376). According to a different record, however, it was founded by Baekje Buddhist Monk Jimyeong in 599 and renovated by great Unified Silla monk Wonhyo (617~686).
The temple’s Daeungjeon, was built in 1308 when Goryeo (918-1392) was under the rule of King Chungnyeol (1274~1308) to honor the historic Buddha Shakyamuni. It is one of Korea’s oldest existing buildings whose date of construction is clearly known. It is a building with three kan (a unit of measurement referring to the distance between two columns) on the front and back and four kan on the sides featuring gable roof, decorative brackets placed on top of the columns, triple three-panel lattice-window doors on the front, two windows on both sides at the rear, and plank door at the center.
As a Goryeo building built under the influence of the architectural heritage of Baekje, the Daeungjeon Hall of Sudeoksa Temple is widely praised for its architectural beauty particularly the decorative elements on both sides. In addition to its fine structural merit and beauty, it is also a rare traditional architectural work whose date of construction is clearly recorded, making it a very important part of the Korean architectural heritage.