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National Treasure

Gold Crown and Diadem Ornaments from Geumgwanchong Tomb

금관총 금관 및 금제 관식 ( 金冠塚 金冠 및 金製 冠飾 )

Heritage Search Detail
Classification National Treasure
Name of Cultural Properties Gold Crown and Diadem Ornaments from Geumgwanchong Tomb
Quantity 1 Item
Designated Date 1962.12.20
Age The 5th century (Silla)
Address Gyeongju National Museum, 186, Iljeong-ro, Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do

The Gold Crown and Diadem Ornaments were excavated at an ancient Silla tomb now called Geumgwanchong (“Gold Crown Tomb”) in today’s Noseo-dong, Gyeongju. The main item, the gold crown, has height of 44.4 centimeters and headband diameter of 19 centimeters, displaying the typical features of Silla crowns characterized by three tree-shaped ornaments erected from the front part of the base band and a pair of antler-shaped ornaments on the rear part. The base band and the erect ornaments are decorated with many dots and hung with jade drops and gold leaves. The crown also has a pair of gold strings draped down and decorated with gold foliage clusters arranged at regular intervals and a jade drop at each end. The crown was discovered along with an inner cap made of several pieces of thin gold plates decorated with several different geometrical patterns and an ornament shaped like a pair of open wings. Art historians believe that the decoration of the crown with the wing motif is connected with Shamanism, which was widespread during the three early Korean kingdoms (57BC-668). With its fine form and excellent workmanship, the crown is generally regarded as the greatest among all the Silla crowns discovered so far.