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National Treasure

Five-story Stone Pagoda in Wanggung-ri, Iksan

익산 왕궁리 오층석탑 ( 益山 王宮里 五層石塔 )

Heritage Search Detail
Classification National Treasure
Name of Cultural Properties Five-story Stone Pagoda in Wanggung-ri, Iksan
Quantity 1 Item
Designated Date 1997.01.01
Age Goryeo
Address San 80-1, Wanggung-ri, Wanggung-myeon, Iksan, Jeollabuk-do

This Five-story Stone Pagoda is located on a hill, about 2 km south of Wanggung-myeon, Iksan, which is known as the capital of Mahan. This pagoda consists of five stories, a single-tier foundation and some of the final. The foundation had been buried in the ground before it was dismantled and restored to the present shape in 1965. At each corners of the foundation is installed an octagonal corner stone serving as a corner column, between which long, square stones are piled up in imitation of wooden pagodas. The inside of the columns and stones is filled with earth, in which fragments of Baekje roof tiles are discovered. During the 1965 repair work, a sarira container was retrieved inside the base and the roof of the first story. The repair work also revealed a new fact that two central pillars are carved on each side of the foundation. Each story has a column at all corners, and the first story has two central pillars engraved on all sides. The thin, flat roofs are slightly upturned at the corners. The marks on the corners of the eaves suggest that wind-bells hung there. Each roof has a supporting stone on its top to hold the superstructure. Of the final, a stone base, an upside-down alms bowl, an upward-looking flower and a partly broken ring remain. The roofs retain characteristics of Baekje pagodas to some extent, which led to a controversy over the exact date of the pagoda's construction. Judging from the composition style of the foundation and the retrieved sarira container, this pagoda seems to have been the work of early Goryeo, which combines the styles of both Baekje and Silla pagodas. The relics retrieved during the 1965 repair work are designated as National Treasure No. 123 and are on display at the National Museum of Korea.