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Three-story Stone Pagoda in Yongjangsagok Valley of Namsan Mountain, Gyeongju

경주 남산 용장사곡 삼층석탑 ( 慶州 南山 茸長寺谷 三層石塔 )

Heritage Search Detail
Classification Treasure
Name of Cultural Properties Three-story Stone Pagoda in Yongjangsagok Valley of Namsan Mountain, Gyeongju
Quantity 1 pagoda
Designated Date 1963.01.21
Age Unified Silla
Address San 1-1, Yongjang-ri, Naenam-myeon, Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do

This three-story stone pagoda was built during the Unified Silla Dynasty on a high ridge of the mountain chain that stretches eastwards and surrounds Yongjangsa Temple. The temple is known to be the place where Kim Si-seup (1435 - 93) wrote Geumo sinhwa (New Stories of the Golden Turtle), which is regarded as Korea's first collection of short stories, and takes the form of a fictional biography. A number of stone structures remaining in this area have led historians to assume that this was formerly the site of a temple. The pagoda’s two-layered stylobate is composed of a lower layer of natural rock and an upper layer of stone, whose four corners and center are carved with pillar patterns. The upper layer of the stylobate is covered with two plate stones. The main body consists of a roof stone and core stone hewn from separate stones. The core stone of the first story is relatively high, while the other core stones taper dramatically upwards in size. Each roof stone has a four-tiered cornice. The eaves are horizontal and turn swiftly upward at the corners. As the finial’s top ornament is missing, the overall aspect of the original remains unknown, but there remains a hole in which to fix an iron rod. Although the pagoda was fully rebuilt in 1922, the sarira reliquary had already been lost many years previously. It is well-proportioned throughout every section and stands in harmony with the beautiful surrounding scenery.