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Stone Seated Vairocana Buddha at Sudoam Hermitage of Cheongamsa Temple, Gimcheon

김천 청암사 수도암 석조비로자나불좌상 ( 金泉 靑巖寺 修道庵 石造毘盧遮那佛坐像 )

Heritage Search Detail
Classification Treasure
Name of Cultural Properties Stone Seated Vairocana Buddha at Sudoam Hermitage of Cheongamsa Temple, Gimcheon
Quantity 1 Buddha statue
Designated Date 1963.01.21
Age Unified Silla
Address Cheongamsa Temple 1438, Sudo-gil, Jeungsan-myeon, Gimcheon, Gyeongsangbuk-do

This is a 251 centimeter high seated stone Vairocana Buddha from the Unified Silla Dynasty, preserved in Sudoam Hermitage of Cheongamsa Temple. The Vairocana Buddha has the meaning, “to command the whole world of truth”. The usnisa (a protuberance symbolizing supreme wisdom), shaped like a topknot on the bald head, is small but clear. The face is square and plump. The characteristics of the dignified Buddha statues of the time are apparent in this statue's long eyes, small mouth and comfortable nose. The long ears come down to the shoulders and there are samdo, i.e. the three wrinkles on the neck. The beobui (sacerdotal robe) that covers both shoulders is simple and the folds in the clothing are loose and formal. The hands are in the jigwonin position (the mudra symbolizing Buddha and the multitude are one) with the right hand covering the left index finger, which is neat, realistic, and gives a strong impression. This large but unstable statue reflects the style of the period, together with the jigwonin position of the hands. The pedestal is divided into three parts. The bottom part is octagonal with upside down lotus flowers carved on it. The middle part is 45 centimeter high with octagonal panel decorations. There are two lines of lotus flowers crossing in a half circle at the top. Three lion images and a dragonhead are carved on the front, which is unique. This statue is generally refined and balanced, but it looks withering, less flexible or tense, from which it is presumed to have been made during the late Silla Dynasty.