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Three-story Stone Pagoda of Daeheungsa Temple, Haenam

해남 대흥사 삼층석탑 ( 海南 大興寺 三層石塔 )

Heritage Search Detail
Classification Treasure
Name of Cultural Properties Three-story Stone Pagoda of Daeheungsa Temple, Haenam
Quantity 1 stone pagoda
Designated Date 1963.01.21
Age Unified Silla
Address Daeheungsa Temple 400, Daeheungsa-gil, Samsan-myeon, Haenam-gun, Jeollanam-do

There are records saying that Daeheungsa Temple was built in 426 by Jeongwan, a Silla Buddhist monk of eminent virtue, and called Maniram Hermitage, and others saying that it was one of the 500 temples which the Buddhist Monk Doseon encouraged to build after he came back from Tang Dynasty China. The temple was expanded by Sesan, one of the greatest Buddhist monks in Korea, following the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592. This pagoda stands in front of Eungjinjeon Hall of Daeheungsa Temple. It preserves sarira of Sakyamuni which was carried by Buddhist Monk Jajang of Silla from China. It is a typical Silla stone pagoda, consisting of a three-story body on a two-story stylobate. The upper and the lower stylobates are engraved with pillar patterns in the four edges and in the middle of the four sides. The main stones and roof stones of the body are each made of one stone. Pillar patterns are conspicuously engraved on each main stone. The main stone of the first story is far higher than those of the other stories. The roof stones have thick eaves and four-tiered bases. The final base, which is big enough to look like a body stone, an over-turned bowl, a lotus flower shaped stone and a wheel shaped decoration are laid over the top of the pagoda. Overall, the pagoda shows elegant carving skill. In 1967, while the pagoda was being repaired, a Gilt-bronze standing Buddha was discovered in its upper stylobate. This pagoda has a simplified form of Unified Silla, but judging from the fact that the number of center pillars on the stylobate decreased and the roof stones have four-tiered base, it is presumed to have been built in the late Unified Silla. Along with the Three-story Stone Pagoda of Bungmireukam Hermitage of Daeheungsa Temple in Haenam, it is an important structure which indicates that the pagoda style of Unified Silla spread to the southwestern area.