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Buddhist Painting in Daeungjeon Hall of Jikjisa Temple (Buddha Triad)

직지사 대웅전 삼존불탱화 ( 直指寺 大雄殿 三尊佛幀畵 )

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Classification Treasure
Name of Cultural Properties Buddhist Painting in Daeungjeon Hall of Jikjisa Temple (Buddha Triad)
Quantity 3 paintings
Designated Date 1980.08.23
Age The 20th year of the reign of King Yeongjo of Joseon (1744)
Address Jikjisa Museum 89, Bugam-gil, Daehang-myeon, Gimcheon, Gyeongsangbuk-do

The hanging painting of a Buddha triad painted in the 20th year of King Yeongjo’s reign (1744) is enshrined in Daeungjeon Hall of Jikjisa Temple. Taenghwa is a buddhistic painting made on either fabric or paper and intended for framing. And like this one, it is usually placed behind Sakyamuni. In the latter period of Joseon, it was common for three sets of paintings to be enshrined in either the Daeungjeon. Therefore, it is clear that this painting followed the fashion of that period. In the center is a painting of Buddha preaching to several Bodhisattvas on Yeongchwisan Mountain. Buddha is placed in the middle and on his right and left are 8 Bodhisattvas including 10 students and Four Guardian Kings. Scriptures are written along the surrounding edges. Buddha's fingers are carefully placed in the mudra form of hangmachokjiin in order to suppress evil spirits, and only his left shoulder is covered with the sacerdotal clothing. He is well-shaped and has a round face with soft expression. Behind Buddha's head is a halo and his back is painted in detail. The light of enlightment harmonizes beautifully with the Sakyamuni enshrined in front. On the left is a picture of a sitting Bhaisaijyaguru Buddha with medicine a case in the center, and around them are 8 Bodhisattvas, the Four Guardian Kings and 12 Guardians. Sakyamuni looks healthy and strong. His extremely small eyes and mouth show grace and solemnity. With the halo behind him, all the description about his face typifies the Buddhistic art forms of the 18th century. Amitabha is on the right, placed in the center surrounded byAvalokitesvara, Kstigarbha, Guardians of Buddhism and others. These paintings are considered to be the masterpieces of the period for their well-structured composition, their excellent depiction and their well-balanced use of color.