Skip Navigation

Heritage Search


Stone Seated Vairocana Buddha and Wooden Mandorla of Chukseosa Temple, Bonghwa

봉화 축서사 석조비로자나불좌상 및 목조광배 ( 奉化 鷲棲寺 石造毘盧遮那佛坐像 및 木造光背 )

Heritage Search Detail
Classification Treasure
Name of Cultural Properties Stone Seated Vairocana Buddha and Wooden Mandorla of Chukseosa Temple, Bonghwa
Quantity 1 Buddha statue
Designated Date 1989.04.10
Address Chukseosa Temple 739, Wolgye-gil, Murya-myeon, Bonghwa-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do

This stone Vairocana Buddha is enshrined at Chukseosa Temple near the peak of Munsusan Mountain, but it is impossible to know where it originally was. The Buddha statue is 108cm tall, with narrow eyes, compressed mouth, and flat, wide body. These characteristics create a feeling of calmness and stability. The robe draped over both shoulders has pleats that form a horizontal tiered style, somewhat demonstrating the schematized aspect. The widely spread pleats in fan shape between the knees have a wave pattern, unlike the U shape of other Buddha statues. This demonstrates well the characteristics of Buddha statues made at the end of the 9th century along with the horizontal tiered style. The pedestal has the octagonal shape prevalent at the end of Silla and consists of the top, middle, and bottom parts. The bottom pedestal has a lion carved in relief on each side of the pedestal; the middle has the figure image gathering the hands together, and the top carries a flower pattern. There is a mandorla made to express the light from the whole body at the rear of the Buddha statue, with the splendid flower and flame pattern carved around it. These patterns were added at a later time. The original mandorla made of stone has only the top part remaining. This Buddha statue, which has the same characteristics as the Stone Seated Vairocana Buddha at Biroam Hermitage of Donghwasa Temple in Daegu (Treasure No. 244), is one of the Vairocana statues commonly made at the end of the Unified Silla Period. It demonstrates the carving technique and type of religion at that time. The inscription of the stone tower shows that it had been made at the end of the 9th century; thus serving as an important material for researching on Buddha statues made at the end of Silla.