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Stone Standing Amitabha Buddha at Mitaam Hermitage, Yangsan

양산 미타암 석조아미타여래입상 ( 梁山 彌陀庵 石造阿彌陀如來立像 )

Heritage Search Detail
Classification Treasure
Name of Cultural Properties Stone Standing Amitabha Buddha at Mitaam Hermitage, Yangsan
Quantity 1 Buddha statue
Designated Date 1989.04.10
Age (Early 8th Century)
Address Mitaam Hermitage 379-61, Jujin-ro, Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do

This stone Amitabha Buddha is enshrined in a grotto of Mitaam Hermitage, which is said to have been established by Buddhist Monk Wonhyo of Silla. All the characteristics -- such as the large usnisa on the head, long ears drooping to the shoulders, voluminous and polished look, left hand attached on the body, right hand on the chest, round shoulders, flat chest, and upright posture on the pedestals – follow the style of the Stone Standing Amitabha Buddha of Gamsansa Temple in Gyeongju (National Treasure No. 82) created in 719. The sacerdotal robe draping the entire body while making soft U-shaped pleats hangs down and gets symmetrical at the ankle. The mandorla, which expresses the brilliance of the body, has the shape of a sharp-pointed boat. The two thick lines inside it express the head and body mandorlas. The flower patterns are symmetrically arranged between them, and the flame pattern surrounds the edge. The pedestal has a low-cut eye image carved on a rectangular base, on which double flower-patterned carved lotus seats are put. The style and technique of mandorla, pedestal, and pleats are similar to those of the Stone Standing Amitabha Buddha of Gamsansa Temple, suggesting that this statue is a work created during the Unified Silla Period. This statue is enshrined in a grotto, where five monks trained themselves before going to the Western Paradise. Mitaam Hermitage is a natural cave, but there is clear artificial trace displaying the style of Buddha statues made in the 8th century during the Unified Silla Period. It is regarded as an important work for studying the development process of the Amitabha philosophy in Silla as well as the structures of the cave temple prevalent at that time.