In a Buddhist sanctum, the wall behind the principal Buddha statue is usually adorned with a scroll or a frame of a Buddhist painting drawn on cloth or paper.
This hanging scroll in Geungnakjeon Hall of Cheoneunsa Temple depicts Amitabha Buddha, who leads the spirit of the deceased to easy passage into eternity, and he is giving a sermon in the Western Pure Land of Ultimate Bliss.
This painting is 277 cm wide and 360 cm long.
Amitabha Buddha is at the center of this painting, surrounded by eight Bodhisattvas, ten disciples, and Four Guardian Kings.
Amitabha is sitting on a high lotus pedestal, with Avalokitesvara and Mahasthamaprapta Bodhisattvas holding a bottle and a scripture, respectively.
Other Bodhisattvas are clasping their hands, showing the typical style of Buddhist paintings made in the late Joseon Period.
Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva is wearing a mesh hat on his bald head, a unique feature prevalent during the Goryeo Period.
It was painted on hemp cloth mainly with red and green colors, the thick colors giving a calm, peaceful impression.
This painting was drawn by 14 monk painters, including Sinam, in 1776 (52nd year of King Yeongjo’s reign).
It is regarded as an important heritage because the record on this painting gives information not only on its title and year of manufacture but also on the names of the figures.